Overcoming Violence

Stories about Gender Based Violence

What is Gender Based Violence?

What is Gender Based Violence?

NCA has been working to against gender based violence and promoting girls` and women`s rights for decades in more than 20 countries.

  • Gender based violence is all forms of violence which is a result of socially ascribed gender differences which is a result of gender inequalities (WHO 2013)
  • Globally, one in three women and girls are affected by GBV.
  • GBV are various forms of violence, like sexual violence, rape, violence in close relationships, forced marriage, child and early marriage female genital mutilation, honour killing, human trafficking, violence against sexual minorities, etc.
  • The vast majority of the affected are girls and women, but also boys and men might also be affected. They might suffer from stigma and discrimination that can be different from girls and women.
  • GBV is a leading cause of death and disability of women of all ages. GBV is also a barrier to realization of women`s sexual and reproductive health and rights.
  • GBV and gender inequality are major barrier to women`s equal participation in society and to ending poverty.
  • GBV are human right abuses which contradict laws, policies and conventions to fulfill the rights of girls (Convention on the Right of the Child- CRC) and women (Convention against All Forms of Dicrimination Against Women – CEDAW).
  • GBV are criminal acts which often phase impunity and the perpetrators are not prosecuted due to social norms upholding gender discrimination. National laws and implementation are often weak and not implemented.
  • During war and conflict, sexual violence, forced- and child marriage and trafficking are used as weapon of war by conflicting parties. Sexual violence is a war crime.
  • UN Security Council has adopted a number of Resolutions (UNSC Res. 1325, 1820 and others) to increase protection of women and children during war and conflict an to increase women`s participation in peacebuilding.
  • Dominant social, cultural and religious norms and practices based on gender inequalities and discrimination are keeping up many forms of Gender Based Violence.
  • Mobilizing religious and local leaders and faith actors to condemn GBV and changing attitudes and practices have proven to have results in reducing GBV.
  • All histories at this page is produced together with partners of Norwegian Church Aid.