Climate change leads to extreme and unpredictable weather patterns, where those who live in poverty are disproportionally impacted. Those who have contributed the least to climate change suffer the most from its effects. More frequent disasters, combined with global economic and population growth, will exert enormous pressure on natural resources.
Norway through its oil industry, and being an industrialised country, is a significant contributor to the development of climate change, both in a past and present sense.
NCA believes that it is just and fair that we are responsible of cutting our emissions while also assisting those affected negatively by climate change. We will therefore work to address the proper management and preservation of natural resources in order to mitigate the impacts of climate change on the world's poorest people.
Communities resist, absorb and recover from climate change is the goal of NCA’s Global Climate Resilience Programme, which is an evolution of two climate-related programmes from NCA’s previous strategic period. More aspects of the former Climate Adaptation programme are visible in the current programme, but with a shift in focus from reducing communities’ vulnerabilities to climate change to increasing their resilience to it. Few remnants of the former Climate Mitigation programme are evident, which is in response to evidence that focusing solely on climate change mitigation and adaptation does not foster community resilience. Access to renewable energy is however integrated into this programme along with the economic empowerment and WASH programmes. By focusing on climate resilience, NCA seeks to support communities to improve their preparedness, response and recovery from climate-related events through local structures, such as community task forces.
The core methodologies are Community Based Adaptation (CBA), which refers to adjustments in ecological, social or economic systems in response to actual or expected climatic stimuli; Disaster Risk Reduction; and Community Based Disaster Risk Management, which is a systematic approach to implementing policies to lessen the impact of natural disasters. In the CR programme, NCA empowers civil society organisations, including faith-based organisations (FBO), to support communities to resist, absorb and recover from climate change. This is done through three primary types of interventions: competence interventions, such as training and skills building; interventions focusing on social structures such as community task forces or other grassroots structures; and structural interventions, including infrastructure to reduce the impact of hazards. NCA mainstreams strengthening civil society across all CR interventions and fosters ownership by emphasising participation at all levels, from the grassroots organisations, such as community-level committees, through to duty-bearers, such as national and local-level government agencies. FBOs and other community organisations are natural partners in NCA’s CR programme as they are among the first responders to disasters and can mobilise volunteers through a moral obligation.