With funding from the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA), NCA implemented a humanitarian water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) programme in the Mopti and Ménaka regions of Mali. This emergency programme targeted communities affected by the security crisis in Western Africa.
In 2019, NCA commissioned external consultant Moussa Sacko to conduct an endline evaluation of the ‘Humanitarian WASH programme in the Mopti and Ménaka regions’. This evaluation assessed progress towards programme objectives using the OECD-DAC criteria of relevance, effectiveness, efficiency, impact and sustainability. It also aimed to gather opinions and lessons learned. Evaluation methodology included a document review, field visits to implementation sites, and individual interviews and focus group discussions with programme partners, beneficiaries and community representatives. All segments of the target population were represented in the sample.
The programme was in line with Mali’s national WASH strategy and NCA’s country strategy.
The programme improved access to WASH services in target communities. However, needs remain due to population movements and limited resources.
Local implementation partners should employ staff from the intervention localities as community development agents.
The programme design was gender-sensitive and inclusive of all community sectors, including people with disabilities. A needs-based approach resulted in actions that were generally accepted by all stakeholders. Gender equality was included in community-level awareness-raising. The presence of female partner staff facilitated discussions around certain themes with women.
Most beneficiaries had no knowledge of feedback or complaint mechanisms. However, the programme had no negative impact on conflict in the target areas.
More coordination between NCA’s local implementing partners would enable more synergy and sustainability in interventions and monitoring.
Social cohesion is important in this conflict-affected context. Complementarity with a peacebuilding programme is recommended in future local interventions.
The monitoring, learning and evaluation system must be strengthened, based on capacity assessments of partners. Digital data collection tools must be used to collect data for timely decision-making.
This report is the product of its authors, and responsibility for the accuracy of data included in this report rests with the authors alone.