Somalia. December 2017.
Program and evaluation overview
This evaluation assesses the impact of NCA’s multi-sectoral programmes implemented in Somalia between 2011 and 2016. The five project components, i.e. Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH); Education for Peace and Development (EFPD); Livelihoods and Trade (Economic Empowerment in the 2016-2020 country strategy); Faith Communities and Peace Building; and Gender-based Violence/Women, Peace and Security (GBV/WPS), are assessed against a set of key evaluation criteria, including relevance, effectiveness, efficiency, impact, sustainability, coordination, NCA value added, and added value of implementing through local partners.
Key findings and recommendations
Based on findings in this report, NCA’s greatest strength lies in the continuity and visibility of its work. The organization has managed to establish a solid network of local stakeholders including government authorities and traditional, religious, and community leaders. While government administrations and contact persons might change, NCA enjoys unwavering support due to its reputation as an excellent service provider. The Education for Peace and Development Programme is named as NCA’s number one strength due to its high visibility. By investing in the future of Somalia’s children and youth, NCA’s flagship programme has succeeded in having a sustainable impact on disadvantaged communities. High rates of girls’ enrolment and retention are ensured by school feeding programmes, financial incentives, and the provision of appropriate sanitation facilities and sanitation kits in schools.
However, some challenges persist regarding potential exit strategies for NCA to hand over projects to local authorities and the community. Findings in this report show that beneficiaries currently expect NCA’s long-term involvement in, for instance, the maintenance of school facilities, the payment of teachers’ incentives, or the provision of spare parts for the maintenance of water infrastructure.
Drawing on lessons learned in this report, a series of recommendations for future programming can be established. Key recommendations include capacity-building training for government officials, a broader outreach to disadvantaged communities and strengthening processes with agricultural committees. In addition, one should have a more livelihood-centered approach in some interventions.