Global Report on Results


Climate Change Adaptation

Climate Change Adaptation

Overall goal: Reduction of the vulnerability to climate change of poor and marginalised people and communities

Summary of the programme’s main achievements compared to overall goal

At the end of 2014, NCA sees a clear reduction in vulnerability of the majority of communities the organisation has worked with. NCA and partners have directly contributed to reducing the vulnerability of about 350,000 people. In several cases the mechanisms and techniques applied have already been put to test (with positive results) through community responses to flooding and drought.


Strengthening Civil Society
Deviations and Lessons Learned
Global Outcome Results


Local faith communities strengthened as first responders to emergencies

Civil society actors, and particularly local faith communities, are almost always the first responders to emergencies as they are already present in the affected areas. For NCA, a particularly important part of the climate change adaptation programme has therefore been to strengthen these actors on prevention and response. The functions of FBO networks and local faith communities are acknowledged by The United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR). An NCA led ACT Alliance delegation to Geneva ensured that FBOs were invited to take part in the discussions on stakeholder roles in the zero draft preparatory meetings for the (2015-2030) Sendai Framework of Action.

In the first 24 to 96 hours after the onset of an emergency, access can be difficult or physically impossible for humanitarian workers, in particular to remote areas or in contexts of weak, fragile and dysfunctional states. FBOs are anchored within these local communities and apply their unique strengths such as compassion, care and shared faith to facilitate resilience and respond to disasters. As an example, NCA’s partner Lutheran Foundation of Diakonia (FLD) in Brazil has several times provided basic food items and psychosocial support during floods and is always the first to respond.

Disaster risk mitigation strategies such as early warning systems use loudspeakers of mosques in Pakistan and Bangladesh. Churches and temples are also often used for warning about risk, and NCA’s Buddhist partners in Vietnam use pagodas to host community disaster planning and for shelters for displaced in emergencies.

Delwara Begum in the yellow sari participates in a rescue group working with disaster preparedness in Bangladesh. Photo: Jens Aas-Hansen/Norwegian Church Aid
Delwara Begum in the yellow sari participates in a rescue group working with disaster preparedness in Bangladesh. Photo: Jens Aas-Hansen/Norwegian Church Aid

FBOs and local faith communities, with their extensive mobilising capacity and far reaching networks, are also uniquely placed both to build the capacity of local committees and other civil society actors and to mobilise when there is a need. When their capacity is strengthened through cooperation with NCA and other NGOs, local faith communities, with their social assets and human resources make them natural agents for action. The capacity of these networks can be exemplified from Bangladesh partner RDRS who managed in cooperation with the local informal authorities to provide 134 training sessions on climate change adaptation in one year alone. The mere size of the networks makes them unbeatable with regards to dissemination of knowledge. NCA has trained and certified staff in disaster risk management38 so they can disseminate their knowledge and take a coordinating role in mobilising local faith communities.


Ethiopia: Climate smart rehabilitation of land

WHY: Farmers struggling to make a living from a degraded natural environment affected by climate change.

WHAT: Vegetation and soil conservation, replenishment of groundwater resources, small-scale irrigation schemes and diversification of livelihoods.

RESULTS: By introducing improved watershed management, the programme has improved food security for 46,427 people and enhanced their resilience against the consequences of floods and droughts.

A main goal for the Ethiopian government’s Growth and Transformation Plan is improved food security.

In line with this, NCA, local partners and the communities themselves have rehabilitated ten environmentally degraded watersheds. In total nearly 11,000 hectares or 110 km2 of land have been reclaimed through introduction of improved soil conservation techniques. This has helped regenerate vegetation, which has resulted in reduced soil erosion and increased agricultural productivity. Wells and springs, which previously were dry or functioning only parts of the year, are now providing water for irrigation for 8,179 people. Also land destroyed by large gullies have been reclaimed, and is now fertile farm land for vegetables, fruits and multipurpose trees.

Altogether 631 households headed by women and landless youth have been organised in savings and loan groups (SACOs). These have received technical support to establish functional governing structures and bylaws, and their members have been assisted financially and technically with start-up or expansion of agricultural activities. On average members have increased their annual incomes with ETB 7,325 (USD 366). Other positive results include improvements of housing, increased school enrolment and better family health through diversified diets. The establishment and strengthening of watershed development committees and self-help groups have been a key for mobilising community members for rehabilitation and future protection of the common watershed natural resources.

Romha Atsbeha, a farmer in Addis Alem Locality, Samre District Tigray has been able to harvest twice a year after receiving a water pump from an NCA supported livelihood project. Previously he depended on the rain to produce crops. Photo: Hilina Abebe/Norwegian Church Aid, Ethiopia
Romha Atsbeha, a farmer in Addis Alem Locality, Samre District Tigray has been able to harvest twice a year after receiving a water pump from an NCA supported livelihood project. Previously he depended on the rain to produce crops. Photo:Norwegian Church Aid, Ethiopia



The results framework of the global climate change adaptation programme has worked well, and despite some countries phasing out their dedicated climate programme in the next strategy, the lessons learned from these have informed other countries’ programmes.

Some lessons learned over the period include:

  • Globally, it is recognised that climate change adaptation programmes need a stronger integration of disaster risk management (DRM), particularly in contexts where this is otherwise low on the agenda. NCA has witnessed this, for instance in Myanmar where additional lives were saved when the programme included a DRM component.
  • The slower onset of climate change in Africa means that many African countries are currently lagging behind when it comes to preparing for and mitigating the risk of future disasters, compared to Asia where it has been high on the agenda for this period. This presents a challenge, but also an opportunity as prevention may yet be possible.
  • Working jointly on a climate change project can have effects beyond what is expected. An example is the negotiations around the provision of electricity in Raposa Serra do Sol in Brazil, where common energy need brought conflicting indigenous groups together and improving relations also when it came to other issues.

Global Outcome Results

All global programmes have defined global outcomes. Here is a summary of the main results per global outcome.

OUTCOME 1: Rights-holders are mobilised to manage adaptation and disaster risk reduction initiatives in their own community

In Vietnam, Myanmar, Laos, Ethiopia, South Africa, Tanzania, Haiti and Cuba NCA and partners have mobilised communities and rights-holders so they have the capability to counteract climate change and natural disasters.

OUTCOME 2: Rights-holders have addressed climate induced risks in their working areas

In Brazil, Mali, Vietnam, Bangladesh, Ethiopia and Kenya the number of rights-holders reducing their vulnerability to climate change reached 90,000. The Zambia programme did not achieve this outcome.

OUTCOME 3: Duty-bearers include CCA and DRR measures in budgets and policies

Successful advocacy integrated in programme design by both partners and NCA in Brazil, Bangladesh, Zambia, Vietnam, and Kenya have led to the integration of climate smart applications in federal development reforms. Vietnam and Haiti did not achieve this outcome.

OUTCOME 4: Rights-holders have diversified and strengthened own livelihood assets

In Ethiopia, Mali, Zambia, Kenya and Laos communities that are food secure have started with value addition of produce and provision of market price data.

OUTCOME 5: Rights-holders have access to DRR measures and are more resilient to natural disasters

Guatemala, Vietnam, Haiti, Myanmar, Bangladesh and Cuba have integrated disaster risk management in programmes and are able to respond to natural disasters. Kenya and Zambia reached the stage of mapping risk but with no disaster mitigation measures in place.