Global Report on Results
Overall goal: Reduction of the vulnerability to climate change of poor and marginalised people and communities
At the end of 2014, NCA sees a clear reduction in vulnerability of the majority of communities the organisation has worked with. NCA and partners have directly contributed to reducing the vulnerability of about 350,000 people. In several cases the mechanisms and techniques applied have already been put to test (with positive results) through community responses to flooding and drought.
Local faith communities strengthened as first responders to emergencies
Civil society actors, and particularly local faith communities, are almost always the first responders to emergencies as they are already present in the affected areas. For NCA, a particularly important part of the climate change adaptation programme has therefore been to strengthen these actors on prevention and response. The functions of FBO networks and local faith communities are acknowledged by The United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR). An NCA led ACT Alliance delegation to Geneva ensured that FBOs were invited to take part in the discussions on stakeholder roles in the zero draft preparatory meetings for the (2015-2030) Sendai Framework of Action.
In the first 24 to 96 hours after the onset of an emergency, access can be difficult or physically impossible for humanitarian workers, in particular to remote areas or in contexts of weak, fragile and dysfunctional states. FBOs are anchored within these local communities and apply their unique strengths such as compassion, care and shared faith to facilitate resilience and respond to disasters. As an example, NCA’s partner Lutheran Foundation of Diakonia (FLD) in Brazil has several times provided basic food items and psychosocial support during floods and is always the first to respond.
Disaster risk mitigation strategies such as early warning systems use loudspeakers of mosques in Pakistan and Bangladesh. Churches and temples are also often used for warning about risk, and NCA’s Buddhist partners in Vietnam use pagodas to host community disaster planning and for shelters for displaced in emergencies.
FBOs and local faith communities, with their extensive mobilising capacity and far reaching networks, are also uniquely placed both to build the capacity of local committees and other civil society actors and to mobilise when there is a need. When their capacity is strengthened through cooperation with NCA and other NGOs, local faith communities, with their social assets and human resources make them natural agents for action. The capacity of these networks can be exemplified from Bangladesh partner RDRS who managed in cooperation with the local informal authorities to provide 134 training sessions on climate change adaptation in one year alone. The mere size of the networks makes them unbeatable with regards to dissemination of knowledge. NCA has trained and certified staff in disaster risk management38 so they can disseminate their knowledge and take a coordinating role in mobilising local faith communities.
The results framework of the global climate change adaptation programme has worked well, and despite some countries phasing out their dedicated climate programme in the next strategy, the lessons learned from these have informed other countries’ programmes.
In Vietnam, Myanmar, Laos, Ethiopia, South Africa, Tanzania, Haiti and Cuba NCA and partners have mobilised communities and rights-holders so they have the capability to counteract climate change and natural disasters.
In Brazil, Mali, Vietnam, Bangladesh, Ethiopia and Kenya the number of rights-holders reducing their vulnerability to climate change reached 90,000. The Zambia programme did not achieve this outcome.
Successful advocacy integrated in programme design by both partners and NCA in Brazil, Bangladesh, Zambia, Vietnam, and Kenya have led to the integration of climate smart applications in federal development reforms. Vietnam and Haiti did not achieve this outcome.
In Ethiopia, Mali, Zambia, Kenya and Laos communities that are food secure have started with value addition of produce and provision of market price data.
Guatemala, Vietnam, Haiti, Myanmar, Bangladesh and Cuba have integrated disaster risk management in programmes and are able to respond to natural disasters. Kenya and Zambia reached the stage of mapping risk but with no disaster mitigation measures in place.Back