Global Report on Results
Overall goal: Mobilisation for sustainable livelihood and reduced economic vulnerability
From 2011-2014, NCA and partners organised almost 517,000 rights-holders in groups to actively improve own livelihood. The rights-holders’ economic vulnerability has been significantly reduced. This was achieved through NCA’s approach of working through groups enhancing and adding value to their agricultural products, developing entrepreneurial and business skills, facilitating access to capital and enabling women and youth’s access to vocational education.
Mobilising and organising women in groups for improved livelihoods
One of the main strategies for strengthening civil society in the Livelihood and Trade (L&T) programme is to mobilise and organise people for improving their own livelihoods. Means like cooperatives and savings and loans groups are used for sharing information, collective bargaining and as learning platforms about rights. Mobilising and organising rights-holders in groups also contributes to building active citizenship. In fragile states like Palestine and Afghanistan, the work has had particularly strong impact on strengthening women’s role and participation in society.
In 2011, women from the Daikundi province in Afghanistan claimed they had no own income and were not allowed to talk in meetings nor participate in decisionmaking in their own communities. Becoming members of self-help groups and cooperatives enabled women to participate in small business activities such as dairy processing, beekeeping, carpet weaving and poultry farming. With access to own income and increased confidence, women started engaging in the local shura councils. This gained women more respect in the community, and the men now see women contributing to solving economic challenges. Women are now recognised as being part of society and are allowed to work outside the home. Women are empowered to participate and accepted as members of the shuras, and as participants at public gatherings and ceremonies. These women now act as community activists and take active roles in decision-making inside their communities, something they were previously barred from.
Global and regional advocacy related to Livelihood and Trade received less attention than planned in the current period. Advocacy efforts were instead directly targeted at local and domestic processes. Limited advocacy results on a global level can be explained by lack of staff and partner capacity to follow and influence international processes.
Great contextual variation characterises the country portfolio of this programme, yet the period carries common lessons learned, some of strategic importance and value to future programme development. The organising of people into groups (savings and loans groups, cooperatives and associations) proved to be a powerful tool for economic empowerment – enabling rights-holders’ to access capital and effective sharing of knowledge and skills. This said, in many contexts there is a need to strengthen such groups further with business skills and a deeper understanding of the value chain in order to foster entrepreneurial activities and improved market access. Alongside these activities, attention should also be given to developing collaboration with the private sector and research institutions. This also applies to NCA’s new approach to vocational training, where the last period confirmed the need to address this area more holistically in future programming. This includes utilising government and private actors to provide market relevant vocational training of high quality and facilitating apprenticeships and closer follow-up of graduates. These lessons learned reflect the main methods and intervention strategies of NCA’s new Economic Empowerment programme.
Like the Resources and Finance programme, the Livelihood and Trade programme has proved to be a successful platform for sharing programme experiences and methodology between NCA staff across country contexts. This inspired new projects and results achieved on e.g. market access and has contributed to developing a global programme.
Achieved in Afghanistan, Brazil, Kenya, Laos, Myanmar, Palestine, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania and Zambia, where rights-holders improved their livelihoods and income from organisation in savings and loan groups, farmers’ cooperatives and associations. This outcome has been a core focus of the global programme for all the countries.
Partly achieved. This has not been a key focus for most country programmes over the past four years, but the Zambia programme achieved some important results on e.g. raising national minimum wages of workers.
Achieved in Afghanistan, Brazil, Kenya, Laos, Palestine, Somalia, and Tanzania, where establishment of small scale enterprises increased the income of women and youth. This outcome has been one of the key areas of the global programme.
Partly achieved in Southern Africa with the recognition of informal sector and free movement of people in SADC region. Limited achievements in Somalia due to weak government structures and lack of space to influence legislative agenda.
Not achieved in Southern Africa. Despite significant efforts by NCA and partners to build knowledge of the SADC governments on challenges related to Economic Partnerships Agreements (EPAs), governments yielded to EU pressure and signed the agreements. In Norway, the trade campaign “Nyt Afrika” (Enjoy Africa) made fair trade one of the biggest issues of the development debate in 2012. The campaign featured about one hundred times in the media and many political parties adopted NCA positions in their party platforms.
With the exception of Brazil and the Brazilian-Norwegian advocacy efforts targeting Norwegian soya company Denofa, this has not been a focus of the past four years.
Achieved in Afghanistan, Brazil, Kenya, Laos, Myanmar, Somalia, Tanzania and Zambia. Reduction in various markets barriers – including physical, cultural, bureaucratic/political – enabled rights-holders to sell their produce in domestic markets. Limited achievements related to access to international markets. This outcome has been one of the key areas of the global programme.Back