Resource Governance

Overall Goal: The goal of the Resource Governance programme is for women and men to benefit from public resources through accountable governance for equitable distribution of wealth and sustainable development.

Problem analysis: In countries where NCA works, high levels of corruption, coupled with lack of participatory and accountable governance hinders equitable distribution of resources, while inadequate policies and poor implementation and control of existing legal frameworks are obstacles to effective governance over extractive industries. Rights holders do not have the information, voice and practical engagement strategies they need to influence the governance of public resources, and the absence of consultation with affected populations restrain realisation of community rights.

  

Implementing Countries

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Our Results

Outcome 1

Women and men influenced public plans and budgets to have a greater pro-poor focus

Between 2016 and 2018 several pro-poor political decisions were made where NCA’s partners played an influencing role. In Zambia, national budgets and plans increased allocations to social sectors crucial to reduce poverty, in accordance to input made from NCA’s partners.

Outcome 2

Women and men contributed to public budgets being implemented according to plan

Between 2016 and 2018 542 public projects have been monitored, and iTanzania public expenditure tracking groups show increased ability to seek resolution for cases disclosed for example in Village Assemblies, Ward Tribunals, the Police, Prevention and Combating Corruption Bureau and in court. 154 monitored projects were taken to resolution and solved, and in total USD 2,399,460 was rescued from these cases, with a total value of USD 4,188,260.

Outcome 3

Women and men influenced policies and legal frameworks governing extractive industries

Between 2016 and 2018 long-term advocacy yielded political results. In Malawi public media was utilised, civil society alliances strengthened, and decision makers lobbied to influence the revision process of the mines and minerals bill from 1981. Late 2018 the long-awaited bill passed and several recommendations from NCA and partners were included, for example communities’ rights to negotiate legally binding community agreements with investors.

Outcome 4

Duty bearers have been held accountable to communities’ rights in extractive industry areas

To secure community rights NCA’s partners facilitated dialogue, for example in Zambia where mining companies now meet local communities and government on a quarterly basis to discuss development related issues, leading to building of schools, health centres and water kiosks where mining has contaminated the water. Between 2016 and 2018 rights holders utilised 2678 occasions to advocate for community rights.

Outcome 5

Duty bearers demonstrated increased transparent management of public resources

The Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) is a tool NCA’s partners have used to demand increased transparent management of extractive industries. NCA and partners take part in the Multi Stakeholder Groups in Tanzania, Zambia and Malawi. In Zambia partners used this opportunity to advocate and have contributed to more companies disclosing their payments to the government; an online portal26 to improve transparency on mining licences; and a new Companies Act with requirements for beneficial ownership disclosures.

Key innovations from the programme area

Through NCA’s regional advocacy office in Southern Africa, NCA coordinated partner participation in relevant regional advocacy processes. Between 2016 and 2018 NCA also facilitated development of a regional policy campaign27 and submissions of coordinated policy recommendations to for example AU and IMF. The development of a joint regional advocacy strategy and building AMI as a social movement in all Resource Governance countries stimulated regional coordinated advocacy and learning across both country offices and partners.

Lessons Learned and Adaptation

The Resource Governance programme is prone to changes in the political context and ongoing context analysis and flexibility is needed. In Tanzania petitions were previously an advocacy tool used by partners, which now is related to risk. NCA’s partners chose not to collect petitions in their campaign for tax funded social protection, instead the advocacy strategy was adapted to mobilise rights holders to join the health insurance scheme. Another example is from Zambia November 2018, where NCA partners met at a budget analysis and illicit financial flows awareness meeting. The Public Order Act was used to arrest faith leaders and staff of NCA’s partners, showing the need for conflict sensitive advocacy even when operating in relatively peaceful contexts.

Results case

Alternative Mining Indaba (AMI)

In 2010 NCA Southern Africa and partners initiated a civil society platform which has now gained ground in 1428 African countries, mobilised thousands of rights holders and influenced mining companies, national legislations and African continental mining policies.