Gender-based Violence

The gender-based violence (GBV)  programme enables women and girls to live free from violence, including partner and domestic violence, female genital mutilation (FGM), child, early and forced marriage (CEFM), trafficking, sexual exploitation, rape and abuse.  

GBV is a leading cause of death and disability in women of all ages. Violence due to gender affects women at all stages of life, from son preference, to child, early and forced marriage, FGM, sexual violence, rape and human trafficking. GBV, whether occurring at home or in society, hinders the enjoyment of a range of human rights. It is a barrier to women’s equal right to participation, citizenship, access to and control over resources, livelihood and to gender equality. 

Implementing Countries

The support of faith leaders to end FGM and CEFM is crucial in the countries where NCA works. This support is dependent on buy-in from faith leaders, as well as a common understanding of what constitutes GBV. In Mali, the Islamic High Council of Bankass el Hadji Ibrahim Guindo, with the support of local Muslim leaders, committed to upholding the legal age of marriage (18 years). The number of villages that have signed conventions to end FGM and CEFM has risen from 137 in 2016 to 638 in 2018 in the Tombouctou region. As a result, the prevalence of CEFM declined from 37% to 30%, while FGM decreased from 42% to 27%.

All GBV programme countries saw increases in both the reporting of GBV cases and identification of new referral pathways to support GBV survivors. Close cooperation with local authorities, health staff, police and the legal system was key to delivering these services. From 2016 to 2018, 3,793 faith and community leaders demonstrated actions against gender-based violence. In total, 41,300 children and women survivors of gender-based violence received medical and psychosocial treatment and care. In Malawi, NCA and the Women Judges Association partnered to reform courts in the country to ensure that witness protection is not compromised, which has helped survivors and witnesses of GBV to present their cases in a safe and protected environment. In Ethiopia, 26 health facilities were targeted to treat cases of FGM and sexual and reproductive health related complications associated with CEFM. 

Women’s participation in decision-making processes increased in 2018. In Pakistan, 165 trained women 

are now elected representatives in local governments and official bearers of political party units at the Union Council level. These women are leading significant initiatives including support to communities in cases of sexual harassment, CEFM and rape. Laws, policies and budgets to end GBV were improved and implemented in 2018. In Somalia, NCA contributed to anti-FGM legislation in Puntland in cooperation with the Ministry of Development and Family Affairs and the Ministry of Justice. A similar policy is under development by NCA in cooperation with the Ministry of Women in Jubbaland.

Gender-based Violence Donor Percentage

Results case

Trafficking law to end violence towards women and girls in Malawi