Norwegian Church Aid in Haiti
- Presence established: 1987 (Also provided support in 1971, 1976, 1980-1981)
- Funds used in 2015: 16.9 million NOK
NCA Haiti employs a systematic approach to conflict and gender sensitivity, actively pursuing engagement with both right-holders and duty-bearers to address multiple needs. To make communities resilient, we have a holistic strategy to deliver tangible material change for the beneficiaries and reinforce their sense of dignity, communities' social bonds, duty bearers' capacity and civil society's ability to hold them responsible.
We work together with vulnerable urban and rural communities to strengthen their resilience through the implementation of four programmes: Economic Empowerment; Climate Resilience; Water, Sanitation and Hygiene; and Binational work; with a cross cutting focus on gender equality and conflict sensitivity.
Our programme goal is to ensure the right holders in vulnerable communities have access to adequate and sustainable WASH services for healthy living conditions. We employ inter-programme synergies to build climate resilient WASH facilities, encouraging active participation from private and public actors. A gender and conflict sensitive approach formulates the basis of the provision of WASH services, which promotes community involvement through localised water committees. Our flagship programme “WASH in Schools” has also delivered promising results in promoting children/youth as agents of change by combining education, sanitation and hygiene awareness in schools.
Our climate resilience interventions focus on promoting adaptable agricultural techniques for food security. To curb soil erosion, we use watershed management, forest rehabilitation, and rainwater retention for sustainable land management. Farmers are trained on adaptive agricultural interventions including small-scale irrigation, drought resistant seeds, and climate change adaptive farming techniques. Our awareness-raising campaigns help beneficiaries, especially women and youth, to understand the importance of functioning ecosystem and challenges of climate change. The organised community structures, for instance civil protection brigades, promote collaboration between right-holders and duty-bearers to prepare the communities for climate related disasters.
Based on market and contextual analysis, our economic empowerment interventions cater to the needs of beneficiaries in rural and urban settings, especially deportee/returnees from Dominican Republic, youth, women including GBV survivors. The main aim is to provide easy access to right-holders in the local and binational markets by setting up profitable micro and small enterprises. Apart from training the beneficiaries on entrepreneurship skills, business management, and marketing, we also provide access to capital. In rural areas, we primarily focus on improving the sale of agricultural products, as the agricultural sector is the main source of rural income. The interventions are coordinated with the climate resilience programme, which supports right-holders to increase their agricultural yields. In urban areas, the programme offers wider array services to identify business opportunities in the community and link up with the private sector.
The focal aim of our binational work is the preservation of the rights of deportees, returnees, Haitian migrants in the Dominican Republic and Dominicans of Haitian descent. In our interventions, we prioritise women who face more difficulties and stigma upon return to Haiti and other vulnerable groups like old sugarcane workers. We provide accompaniment of vulnerable Haitian migrants in the process to acquire legal residency and train them to identify and address their human rights violations. We lobby for Dominicans of Haitian descent are able to acquire Dominican citizenship. Finally, a key element of our work is advocacy towards relevant Dominican and Haitian authorities on harmonious migration related policies.
See the Dominican programme for more information.
We prioritize WASH in our emergency response based on our WASH team’s strong technical expertise, as evident from the critical WASH relief in 2010 earthquake and the subsequent cholera epidemics. Humanitarian assistance to migrants forms another component of our emergency response. Additionally, we have a well-established working relationship with National Directorate of Potable Water and Sanitation of Haiti (DINEPA) and with Direction de la Protection Civile (DPC), giving us the impetus to respond countrywide in the event of natural disasters or conflict. We are also an active member of both ACT Haiti and ACT Dominican Republic. Therefore, we have a comprehensive and coherent humanitarian profile, with a focus on disaster risk reduction in the Climate Resilience programme, an emphasis on preparedness and response in the WASH programme, and an integrated humanitarian component in the binational programme. In addition to systematising our emergency response, we are also strengthening our strategic relationships with governmental and key multi-national humanitarian actors, such as OCHA and OFDA.
We work in two department in Haiti, and three provinces in the Dominican Republic. In Haiti, our work is in the Ouest department where we work in Port-au-Prince and Cité Soleil, both urban areas, and Gressier, Léogane, Grand Goave and Petit-Goave that are semi-urban and rural areas in the Les Palmes region. In the Centre department, we work in three rural and semi-rural municipalities of Belladère, Lascahobas and Thomassique. In addition, we will have a limited collaboration in rural Seguin in the Sud-Est department.
In the Dominican Republic, we will concentrate our work in urban, semi-urban and rural areas in the provinces of Monte Plata, Santo Domingo and Elias Piña, the latter bordering Centre department in Haiti.
We work with a number of local partners that well aware of cultural and conflict dynamics in their communities, ensuring local ownership. Moreover, our faith-based partners, representing large constituencies, have considerable sphere of influence at the grassroots and the national level.
Norwegian Church Aid believes it is only the people and the communities themselves that can bring about lasting change. We implement our programmes together with local partner organisations and in close contact and coordination with the local government.
In Dominican Republic: