Global Report on Results
Women’s saving group in Pikini, Kenya. Photo: Axel Fassio/Norwegian Church Aid
Overall goal: Mobilisation for sustainable livelihood and reduced economic vulnerability.
In 2015, NCA organised 56,586 rights-holders into groups to actively improve their own livelihoods. Results indicate that NCA and partners are particularly well placed to economically empower women through mobilisation, raising awareness and promoting their role in economic activities. The Livelihood and Trade Programme was implemented in the following countries in 2015: Afghanistan, Brazil, Kenya, Laos, Palestine, Myanmar, Sudan, Tanzania, Somalia, Southern Africa and Zambia.
Civil society organisations facilitate market access for rural communities
In Tanzania, religious leaders and faith-based actors continued to be at the centre of advocacy on trade issues. In 2015, NCA partners advocated the government for an improved business environment for interreligious (IR) VICOBA groups and their members. Through multi-stakeholder forums, partners were able to facilitate dialogue on legislation and policies that hindered the growth of small and medium enterprises. Coordinated by NCA partner African Evangelistic Enterprise, religious leaders, the National Bureau of Statistics, Tanzania Food and Drugs Authority and the Ministry of Trade and Industry worked together to address challenges facing IR VICOBA groups in Singida District. Similar initiatives from 2015 include the Tanzania Ecumenical Dialogue Group organising the first round-table for a policy dialogue series on trade and business focusing on fair trade and promotion of locally produced goods.
Parallel to these advocacy efforts, NCA and partners promoted market access for marginalised rural communities, including showcasing of IR VICOBA groups’ products at town, district and regional open markets. Small competitions were held at these events to select best products for further branding and market exposure, and to encourage entrepreneurial activities.
Global and regional advocacy related to livelihood and trade received less attention than planned in the current period. Advocacy efforts were instead directly targeted at local and domestic processes. Limited advocacy results on a global level can be explained by lack of staff and partner capacity to follow and influence international processes.
Great contextual variation characterises the country portfolio of this programme, yet the period carries common lessons learned, some of strategic importance and value to future programme development. The organising of people into groups (savings and loans groups, cooperatives and associations) proved to be a powerful tool for economic empowerment – enabling rights-holders’ to access capital and effective sharing of knowledge and skills. This said, in many contexts there is a need to strengthen such groups further with business skills and a deeper understanding of the value chain in order to foster entrepreneurial activities and improved market access. Alongside these activities, attention should also be given to developing collaboration with the private sector and research institutions. This also applies to NCA’s new approach to vocational training, where the last period confirmed the need to address this area more holistically in future programming. This includes utilising government and private actors to provide market relevant vocational training of high quality and facilitating apprenticeships and closer follow-up of graduates. These lessons learned reflect the main methods and intervention strategies of NCA’s new Economic Empowerment programme.
Like the Resources and Finance programme, the Livelihood and Trade programme has proved to be a successful platform for sharing programme experiences and methodology between NCA staff across country contexts. This inspired new projects and results achieved on market access for example and has contributed to developing a global programme.
OUTCOME 1: Rights-holders are organised to secured sustainable livelihoods in rural and urban environments
Achieved in Afghanistan, Brazil, Kenya, Myanmar, Palestine, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania and Zambia where rights-holders improved their livelihoods and increased their income through organising in savings and loans groups, farmers’ cooperatives and associations.
OUTCOME 2: Rights-holders are mobilised to claim decent working conditions
Not targeted in 2015.
OUTCOME 3: Youth and women have established small scale enterprises
Achieved in Afghanistan, Palestine, Somalia, and Tanzania, where the establishment of small-scale enterprises increased the income of women and youth.
OUTCOME 4: Duty bearers are influenced to support legislation for fair trading laws protecting informal traders
Not fully achieved in Somalia due to weak government structures and lack of space to influence the legislative agenda. Results achieved relate to extensive awareness raising at community level on legislation to protect fishermen from piracy.
OUTCOME 5: Duty bearers are influenced to develop fair bilateral regional and global trade agreements
Not fully achieved in Southern Africa and Kenya, but some progress seen in Kenya in relation to coffee sector.
OUTCOME 6: Targeted enterprises are influenced to comply with national legislation and international standards throughout the supply chain
With the exception of Brazil and the Brazilian-Norwegian advocacy efforts targeting Norwegian soy company Denofa, this has not been a focus in 2015. In Brazil continued advocacy meant that Denofa has recognised the need to invest in sustainable solutions for soy production.
OUTCOME 7: Rights-holders have gained access to domestic and/or international markets
Domestic market access achieved in Afghanistan, Brazil, Kenya, Myanmar, Somalia, Palestine, Tanzania and Zambia through reduction in various market barriers (physical, cultural, and bureaucratic/political) which enabled rights-holders to sell their produce in domestic markets.
OUTCOME 8: Targeted duty bearers are influenced to develop or comply with land rights for marginalised and vulnerable groups
Achieved in Tanzania and Zambia through women and indigenous communities securing ownership of land and the return of previously confiscated land to rural farmers. Zambia partners influenced the revision of the Urban and Regional Planning Bill of 2015. Not fully achieved in Myanmar where results are only evident on output level.
OUTCOME 9: Targeted duty bearers are influenced to develop or comply with national legislation and international standards for sustainable livelihood and economic justice
Only targeted in Zambia, where results on outcome level were realized, e.g. tax proposals from NCA partners on removal of customs duty on greenhouses and rose seedlings was included in the national budget.Back